Chapter 2

Reliability and safety of power generation facilities

Among RusHydro strategic priorities, there are:

  • Ensuring a reliable and safe operation of the energy facilities
  • Ensuring readiness of hydraulic engineering structures for emergency situations
  • Quality control at the engineering and construction stage
  • Maintenance of the subsequent technical condition of the equipment

The limit of reimbursement under the contract of voluntary insurance of civil liability

Emergency response activities were held in RusHydro branches in 2016

Reduction in the number of accidents in 2016

Reduction in the number of accidents due to fault of RusHydro personnel

After the tragic events at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station, the public is very much concerned about how reliable our facilities are, whether it is safe to stay and live in the lower reaches of our structures. Therefore, reliability is quite a capacious word for our company. One of the Company’s tasks in the field of ensuring reliability is to ensure the safety of the equipment functioning, both for society and for the environment, in relation to which we must minimize the negative impact and reduce risks when building huge facilities on such large rivers as the Volga, Yenisei, Angara.

B.B.Bogush,
Member of the Management Board,
First Deputy General Director – Chief Engineer

2.1. Management of industrial safety, reliability and safety of structures and equipment

  • The RusHydro Group companies are system-forming and have a significant impact on the industrial and energy security of the field, being critical for a reliable and uninterrupted power supply to consumers.
  • To prevent emergencies, Group uses integrated approach while ensuring the reliability and safety of production facilities. In the process of their operation, RusHydro seeks to comply with the requirements of the Russian legislation and also implements national and corporate regulatory technical standards15. When establishing an industrial safety system, RusHydro applies advanced international technologies.

2.1.1. Safety and reliability management system of hydraulic structures and equipment

Ensuring a reliable and safe operation of the energy facilities is a strategic overriding priority for the Company. By «reliability» RusHydro understands the ability of the equipment and hydraulic structures to function during their service life while maintaining the specified parameters. «Security» means provision of such conditions where there is no unacceptable risk associated with causing harm to human health, property of individuals and legal entities, state and municipal property and the environment.

Principles of the Safety and Reliability Management System of the hydraulic structures and equipment are:

  • compliance with all legislative norms in the field of safety of hydraulic structures;
    hydraulic structures and equipment operation at all stages of the life cycle (the stage of creation initiating, engineering, construction, operation, repair, reconstruction, conservation and liquidation);
  • decision-making process to ensure safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment within the framework of state regulatory restrictions;
  • the System management actions are transparent to the management of the Company, shareholders, HPP staff, supervisory bodies and media.

The main processes of the System:

  • monitoring of the state of hydraulic structures and equipment with an automated processing of information on the condition of the hydraulic structures and equipment;
    assessment of condition the hydraulic structures condition;
  • assessment of the equipment technical condition and physical wear and tear;
  • planning and implementation of measures to ensure safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment;
  • controlling compliance with safety requirements and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment;
  • management of operational and regulatory expertise in the field of safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures and equipment.

Documents regulating management of safety and reliability of the hydraulic structures are:

  • Concept of the Safety and Reliability Management System of the hydraulic structures adopted in 2009, which highlights major risk groups and control mechanisms.
  • Regulation on safety and reliability management system of the hydraulic structures and the main equipment of the hydro-power power plants of PJSC RusHydro (Order No. 225 of March 23, 2011).
  • Regulations on interaction of monitoring services of the PJSC RusHydro’s branches, the executive administration of the Company and the structural unit of the analytical centre of PJSC RusHydro in JSC Vedeneyev and JSC NIIES regarding the hydraulic structures and power equipment (last update – Order No. 666 of July 15, 2015)
    RusHydro Technical Policy, which establishes a comprehensive approach to ensuring reliability and safety of the equipment and the power facility as a whole throughout its life-cycle.
  • Company’s Production Program which is the main instrument for implementing the RusHydro Technical Policy. The Technical Policy provides for the development of measures for the Company’s Production Program in the mid-term (a six-year outlook) and the long-term (a 15-year time horizon).

Distribution of responsibility for management of industrial safety issues, reliability and safety of the hydraulic structures and equipment

Area of responsibilityResponsible person / subdivision of PJSC RusHydro
General management of activities on ensuring reliability and safety of the hydraulic structures and equipmentMember of the Management Board, First Deputy CEO – Chief Engineer
Organization of management of activities on ensuring reliability and safety of the hydraulic structures and equipment at the RusHydro’s generation facilitiesOperations Department
Development and supervision over implementation of measures and methodological support related to reliability and safety of the hydraulic structures and equipmentOperations Department, Department of Development and Standardization of Production Processes
Monitoring of the condition of the hydraulic structures and equipment, direct implementation of measures on reliability and safety of the hydraulic structures and equipmentPersonnel of the Chief Engineer Service of the Company Branches

The Production Program includes, inter alia, the Technical rehabilitation and modernization program as part of the Comprehensive Modernisation Program of the RusHydro’s generating facilities for the period until 2025 (for more information see 2.4. Modernization, technical upgrade and reconstruction). The Technical Policy also provides for the development of corporate regulations and standards, specifying industry standard provisions taking into account specific HPP features.

Each year, the internal commissions of RusHydro Group together with the representatives of the territorial bodies of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations conduct a check of HPP operationability during the autumn and winter period by issuing appropriate certificates. In 2016, all HPPs received certificates of readiness for the 2016-2017 autumn-winter period.

2.1.2. Ensuring operational availability and reliability of power supply in the Far East in the short- and long-term16

A distinctive feature of the energy sector functioning in the Far East of Russia is the operation in conditions with temperature below 0°C (32°F) from 6 to 9 months per year, so an energy company should use the warmest time of the year to the maximum in order to prepare for the next autumn-winter period. The key step in summarizing the preparations for work in the autumn-winter period is getting the Readiness Passport for the autumn-winter period. The Readiness Passport is issued by a special commission consisting of representatives of federal authorities, the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and is issued to energy companies upon completion of the audit of the planned activities implementation.

Обеспечение эксплуатационной готовности на дальнем востоке

The main long-term challenge faced by the energy sector of the Far East is to overcome the aging trend and the accumulated depreciation of the equipment. More than half of all thermal power plants in the Far East were built more than 30 years ago and now are 55-85% worn out. Almost 3GW of generating capacity, including thermal capacity of ~2,800 Gcal/h are subject to decommissioning before 2025.

In order to compensate such a shortage, the construction of new thermal power generation facilities in the Amur, Khabarovsk and Primorye energy systems, as well as in isolated energy systems of Sakhalin, Chukotka and the Kamchatka Territory is provided as part of the RusHydro’s investment programs (for more information see 3.2. Contribution to the Sustainable Development of the Regions).

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