3.3.

Innovative Development

Заложили символический камень в основание нового завода в г. Балаково

Innovative activity means development and implementation of new mechanisms to use knowledge, tangible and intangible assets, which allow bringing the production process to a higher level and improving the products’ quality. The application of innovative practices and technologies ensures an increase in productivity and minimization of negative ecological impacts.

The innovative development of RusHydro is focused on increasing the reliability of hydraulic facilities, energy efficiency and the use of new renewable energy sources. For the Group, innovations are the key to the modernization of existing hydropower facilities, as well as to the construction of new ones with improved technical characteristics.

3.3.1. Innovative development management

The RusHydro Group’s innovation management system includes the following subsystems/management areas:

  • Management and coordination of the RusHydro Group’s Innovative Development Program;
  • Competencies and infrastructure management;
  • Innovative developments (projects) management;
    «Innovative knowledge» management.

The main document that determines the innovative development of PJSC RusHydro and its subsidiaries is the RusHydro Group’s Innovative Development Program for 2016-2020 with a prospect for up to 2025 (IDP). It outlines the main KPIs of the RusHydro’s innovation activities, contains information on priority innovative development areas and key innovative projects. In order to determine the list of activities for each year, a three-year Medium-Term IDP Implementation Plan is adopted and updated annually. There is also a Roadmap for the implementation of the IDP projects, which is available on the Company’s official website.

In turn, on June 29, 2016, the Board of Directors of PJSC RAO ES of the East approved its own Innovative Development Program for 2016-2020 with the prospect for up to 2025. It was agreed and finalized taking into account the comments of the relevant ministries within the framework of the working group meeting chaired by A.L. Texler, the First Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation.

Goals and objectives of the Innovative Development Program of RusHydro Group

Ensuring the compliance of the RusHydro’s technological level with the level of domestic and world’s leading energy companies

  • Ensuring the priority use of innovative solutions
  • Improvement of the innovative development structure and management system, including the creation of a unified intellectual property management system of RusHydro
  • Establishment of permanent complex interaction with subjects of innovation environment on the principles of partnership, cooperation and joint participation in development
  • Development of new types of generation

Increasing the effectiveness of the RusHydro’s activities

  • Innovative project selection on the basis of integral approach to effectiveness assessment
  • Conduction of coherent policy aimed at internal energy saving during activities of RusHydro and its subsidiaries
  • Reduction of the duration of the development-implementation cycle
  • Increase of the involvement of Russian organizations and companies in the Group’s innovation activities
  • Increase of the level of business processes automation on the basis of advanced information technologies for labor organization

Innovative development programs of RusHydro and RAO ES of the East are synchronized in terms of implementation of the integrated KPI for innovation (value for 2016 is 85%), which includes the following indicators:

Integral KPI of the innovation activity of RusHydro and RAO ES of the East

Components of the indicator Weight,%Value for 2016
Share of R&D expenses in revenue, %150.25
Growth in the number of objects of intellectual property placed on the balance sheet for the reporting period, %154
Coefficient of fuel use, % (only for PJSC RAO ES of the East)2051.71
Efficiency of power plant capacity management, people/100MW (PJSC RusHydro)2022.43
Quality of development (actualization) of IDP/performance of Group IDP, %30100

In 2016, the innovative development management systems of RusHydro Group and RAO ES of the East were merged into PJSC RusHydro due to the optimization of the Far Eastern energy management.

RUSHYDRO SCIENTIFIC AND DESIGN COMPLEX

Innovation is based on research activities, for which concentration of human, intellectual and financial resources is vital. Especially for this purpose, RusHydro has established the Scientific and Design Complex (hereinafter – SDC), which includes three project institutes and two scientific organizations.

SDC develops and implements innovative technologies in hydraulic engineering, performs complex engineering surveys to justify the projects of various energetic, hydrotechnical and water management facilities and take part in the engineering of hydroelectric power plants in Russia and abroad. RusHydro sees the SDC’s mission in the sustainable development of hydropower, the efficient use of hydro resources, the creation of conditions to ensure reliability of the UES and the increased use of renewable energy sources for the benefit of shareholders and society.

SDC’s developments are implemented at all stages of the life cycle of hydro projects – exploration, engineering, construction and operation. At present, according to the developed projects and technologies, more than a dozen of large and small hydropower plants are being built.

In October 2016, PJSC RusHydro approved the Concept for Reforming the Scientific and Design Complex of the Company, the implementation of which is entrusted to a specially created working group. The need for reform is explained by the necessity to improve the effectiveness of the SDC, bringing it in line with the existing and planned scope of work in the domestic and foreign markets. The reform’s goal is to preserve and develop scientific and project competencies and resources in order to achieve the strategic objectives of RusHydro Group as a key agent of the state. This includes implementation of medium and long-term projects of hydropower and renewable energy development.

Within the framework of the approved concept, it is planned to preserve and develop scientific and design competences, as well as material, technical and laboratory facilities, which are necessary to ensure a reliable and safe operation of hydropower facilities and hydraulic structures. Reformation of the SDC’s structure will be held in accordance with the functional and territorial option, which provides optimization of the duplicate competencies in closely located organizations. At the first stage, it is planned to combine the production resources of JSC Hydroproject Institute and JSC NIIES.

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COUNCIL

In the PJSC RusHydro management system, there is a permanently functioning collegial expert body – Scientific and Technical Council (hereinafter – STC). It provides expert support for the Company’s technical policy. The main objective of the STC is a systematic integration into engineering and scientific solutions by the Technical Policy of PJSC RusHydro of the specialized engineering and scientific competencies, presented by both RusHydro Group’s employees and external specialists.

In order to ensure environmental safety of new technical solutions, the STC Reservoirs and Environmental Protection section was created. The STC Section functions under the guidance of A.E. Asarin, Honorary Academician of the Russian Engineering Academy, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Honoured Power Engineer of the Russian Federation.

The section includes representatives of scientific research and design institutes, the State University of Environmental Engineering, the Institute of Water Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Department of Hydrology of Land of Moscow State University, the Federal Agency for Water Resources. During the year, the section members, including external experts, consider various issues and projects in the field of environmental safety of hydroelectric power facilities.

3.3.2. Scientific and technical inventions for sustainable development

In its innovative activities, the Group seeks to create an extensive infrastructure focused on creation of a partner network with development institutions, research institutes, universities, representatives of small and medium-size enterprises, foundations and foreign partners.

IMPLEMENTATION OF JOINT PROJECTS WITH DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONS

In June 2016, RAO ES of the East and the Skolkovo Foundation signed a Roadmap to coordinate joint activities of selection, approbation and implementation of innovative solutions. In order to fulfil the tasks of the Roadmap for 2016-2017, PJSC RAO ES of the East established four expert working groups with the following areas for cooperation:

  • technologies to increase the efficiency and environmental friendliness of plants operating on non-renewable energy sources;
  • technologies for generating electrical and heat energy based on renewable energy sources and energy storage technologies;
  • technologies of transmission and distribution of electric and thermal energy;
    improvement of technological processes, including repairs and maintenance.

In 2016, the groups’ prospective projects were selected for a detailed consideration (about 50 projects in total). Within the framework of one of the working groups, a meeting of RAO ES of the East branches with start-ups was held. In June 2016, a number of projects by the Skolkovo Foundation participants were presented at the RAO ES of the East annual conference and exhibition on renewable energy in Yakutsk.

Moreover, in 2016, PJSC RusHydro resumed its interaction with the Fund «Energy without Borders». A preliminary analysis of previously implemented projects of the Fund was conducted with a view to make their results available for the use by the Group’s companies. The work on the projects selection will be continued in 2017.

PARTICIPATION OF PJSC RUSHYDRO IN THE ACTIVITY OF SPECIALIZED TECHNOLOGICAL PLATFORMS

Technological platforms (TPs) are the mechanism to adjust and coordinate the efforts of departments, corporations, infrastructure monopolies, and regions for implementation of the national scientific and technological policy – federal target programs, sectoral strategies and programs, corporate development programs. TPs are an important element in the innovative infrastructure of Russia. The list of TPs was approved by the Government Commission on High Technologies and Innovations.

In 2016, PJSC RusHydro was a part of the following technological platforms:

  • Perspective renewable energy technologies (see 4.4. Development of Renewable Energy);
  • Small distributed power;
  • New polymer composite materials and technologies;
  • Intellectual energy system of Russia.

Also, PJSC RusHydro plans to participate in the technological platform «Technologies of ecological development».

COOPERATION WITH UNIVERSITIES IN THE FIELD OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INVENTIONS

The volume of R&D funding carried out by universities under the order of RusHydro Group amounted to 9.6 million rubles in 2016.

R&D projects with universities in 2016

UniversityProject Description
Siberian Federal UniversityTo solve the problem of a reliable operation of hydroelectric equipment, a mathematical model of pressure pulsation in the flow path, vibration of the unit block construction and seismic data is being developed together with the Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP. In 2016, analysis and systematization of the experimental data were carried out. In the future, the project can help to avoid the rapid deterioration of equipment and possible destruction of structural elements.
Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M.Gubkin Development of a pilot plant for regeneration of oils for recycling (see below)
Moscow Power Engineering InstituteDevelopment of technology and production of a pilot-industrial sample for recovery and maintenance of fuel oil properties for a long shelf life
Far Eastern Federal UniversityDevelopment and implementation of a technology for monitoring the condition of the soils of the permafrost dam of the water intake facility at nuclear thermal power plant

3.3.3. Implementation of the most significant innovative projects from the point of view of sustainable development

The volume of funds allocated for R&D by RusHydro Group amounted to 314.3 million rubles in 2016, including: 123.6 million rubles – PJSC RusHydro, 190.7 million rubles – RAO ES of the East.

DEVELOPMENT OF SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE COMPLEX FOR MONITORING AND FORECASTING THE RELIABILITY OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES IN COMPLEX ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

In 2016, Zagorskaya PSHPP established an approved structure of the software and hardware complex for technical monitoring of the HPP safety and reliability. In 2017, it is planned to carry out engineering surveys and develop a project for an additional deployment of control and measuring equipment.

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF MONITORING TECHNOLOGY FOR PIEZOMETRIC PRESSURE IN DESIGN ELEMENTS OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES IN THE EVENT OF FAILURE OF EMBEDDED PIEZOMETERS OF A NON-RECTILINEAR SHAPE

The project implementation will increase the sensitivity of existing piezometers of a non-rectilinear form, and to reduce thereby the cost of new piezometers construction.
During 2014-2016, R&D and testing were carried out at the experimental Khorobrovskaya HPP, and experimental operation was carried out at the Novosibirsk HPP in 2016.

At the end of 2016, new methods for restoring control over the responsible zones of hydraulic structures were developed and implemented by increasing the sensitivity of the piezometers of a non-rectilinear shape. The technology of cleaning the piezometers of a non-rectilinear shape has been developed.

The application for obtaining a patent for the invention «Method for cleaning the filter part of a pressure piezometer of a non-rectilinear shape», No. 2016143682 of November 08, 2016, was filed. It is planned to implement this technology at the facilities of PJSC RusHydro in 2017-2020 years.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE TECHNOLOGY AND MOBILE PILOT PLANT FOR REGENERATION OF OILS FOR RECYCLING

The company has developed a highly efficient technology for a mobile pilot plant for regeneration of turbine and transformer oil using vacuum drying, electrophysical and sorption cleaning, oil stabilizing with modern additive compositions, monitoring the quality of regenerated oil and automatically controlling the process. The project addresses the following problems:

  • deterioration in quality of the used oil;
  • decrease in reliability of power and electrical equipment operation due to the oil «aging»;
  • high costs of oil replacement.

The project was completed in 2016. In the future, it is planned to start the industrial use and scaling of a new technology or production process.

DEVELOPMENT, IMPLEMENTATION AND RESEARCH OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPLEX PROTOTYPE TO PROVIDE 100% ENERGY SUPPLY TO VERKHNYAYA AMGA VILLAGE (ALDANSKY ULUS) DUE TO RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (RAO ES OF THE EAST)

The main objectives of the project are: to ensure minimum consumption of diesel fuel for the generation of electric power from the Far Eastern Energy System and to ensure the possibility of a round-the-clock power supply regime for consumers in the spring and summer period only through the use of RES. The economic effect is a decrease in the consumption of diesel fuel by 12 tons per year.

In 2016, a prototype of a multifunctional complex was developed and commissioned. The project cost was 9.2 million rubles. In the future, it is planned to start the industrial use and scaling of a new technology or production process.

еализация наиболее значимых инновационных проектов

BASIC R&D IN THE FIELD OF ECOLOGY

The R&D Program implements both technological projects aimed at improving production performance, improving the reliability and safety of hydraulic structures and equipment, developing promising construction technologies, using new materials and structures, and environmental ones designed to reduce the possible negative impact on the environment and improve the environmental situation in river basins.

Main environmental projects

ProjectProject Description
Development of constructive and technological solutions for additional watering of Akhtuba River to optimize idle discharges of the Volga HPP and increase the generation of electricityIn the period of high water, higher discharge costs are established through the Lower Volga hydrosystems. They are used to flood the lower reaches of the Volga River in the interests of the environment, agriculture and fisheries. At the same time its adversely affects the amount of electricity produced.

PJSC RusHydro conducts mathematical modelling of the flooding of the Volga-Akhtuba flood plain through an additional structure in the left-bank dam of the Volzhskaya HPP.

R&D projects whose implementation is planned for 2017

ProjectDescription
Development of an information management system for efficient management of loading regimes for the main power equipment and grid facilities - RAO ES of the EastThe project is based on the best world practices in the field of automation of technical and economic indicators calculation. It will create a single management tool aimed at reducing the cost of energy production through qualitative planning of the optimal regime and the composition of the plant’s operating equipment.
Development of technology and pilot plant for the extraction of silicon dioxide and aluminum oxide from ash and slag wastes - RAO ES of the EastCreation of technology for processing of ash plants of coal-fired power plants with extraction of silicon dioxide and alumina.

The processing final products will be amorphous silicon dioxide, alumina and iron dioxide, which differ from those offered on the market today by a lower price and are comparable in quality, which will ensure the import substitution of these products.

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