- PJSC RusHydro adopted the revised Environmental Policy
- Environmental project «Bureysky Compromise» took the first place in the Competition MediaTEC-2016 in the nomination «Social and Environmental Initiative»
Cooperation in the field of RES technology
- «Renewable Energy Development in the Russian Far East» International Conference was held
Conservation of biodiversity
- Cooperation within UNDP Project/GEF/ Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology
- Open-air cage for the Caucasian bison was build in the Tourmonsky Nature Reserve
- The North Ossetian branch of PJSC RusHydro supported the program for the restoration of the Asiatic leopard in the Caucasus
Reduction of total amount
Reduction of NOx, SOx and other significant air emission
In 2016, the revised Environmental Policy was approved in PJSC RusHydro. The document reflects the challenges and objectives confronting the Company in implementation of the strategic directions to ensure environmental safety and to meet sustainable development criteria, as well as the Company’s key future plans for achieving policy goals.
Member of the Board, First Deputy Director General,
Chief Engineer of PJSC RusHydro
We understand that the technical component of the construction and operation of any hydro facility is associated with a certain impact on the environment. At the same time, it is necessary to understand the negative effects, minimize them where possible, and improve the situation where there is a potential capability.
Member of the Management Board,
First Deputy Director General of PJSC RusHydro
4.1. Environmental Policy
he attitude of respect towards the nature is an essential part of any responsible business policy. International experience demonstrates that modernization of production, development of renewable power generation, innovative development, energy saving and improvement of energy efficiency contribute both to the economic growth of the Company and to the reduction of the negative impact on the environment.
RusHydro Group is the largest power generating company in Russia and a leader in energy production based on renewable sources. The Company operates in most Russian regions; thus, it is one of the main water consumers in the water management system of Russia. Moreover, it is the largest supplier of electricity and heat in the Far East. In this regard, the Company adheres to the responsible approach in terms of the environmental protection. RusHydro Environmental Policy is aimed at preservation of favourable environment by improving the environmental safety of heat and hydro generation facilities.
4.1.1. Environmental Impact Management
Environmental activities of PJSC RusHydro are carried out in accordance with the Company’s approved Environmental Policy, which is based on the provisions of the state policy in the field of environmental development, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and other normative legal acts, international treaties of the Russian Federation in the field of environmental protection and a rational use of natural resources.
The Company also respects the requirements of international standards in the field of environmental safety and the best foreign experience of the hydropower industry.
While planning and implementing all activities, the Group adheres to the precautionary principle, which was introduced at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Developmentу.21
The RusHydro’s activities are aimed at minimizing the negative environmental impact and preserving the environment in a favourable condition for present and future generations. This principle is enshrined in the PJSC RusHydro’s Environmental Policy, which is the basis for planning and implementing majority of business activities.
The document was revised and adopted in 2016. Its goal is to identify challenges of ecological safety, together with objectives, tasks and mechanisms to improve the environmental safety level of the existing and projected hydro generation facilities. The Policy applies to all structural divisions of the Company (excluding RAO ES of the East), and its provisions are included in the PJSC RusHydro’s business relations with partners.
It is planned to develop the Environmental Policy of RusHydro Group in the context of adoption of the Environmental Safety Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period until 202523, that determined the main directions for improvement of the environmental safety level, and integration of the executive offices of PJSC RusHydro and RAO ES of the East.
Read more about the Environmental Policy of PJSC RusHydro on the website.
Group’s organizational structure for the management of environment protection activities22
Currently, RusHydro is working on creation of a unified environmental management system. A single document ‘Regulation on the Environmental Management System’ is being developed. The document is to be approved by the end of 2018.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MANAGEMENT IN RAO ES OF THE EAST
The Environmental policy of PJSC RAO ES of the East was approved in 2014, its goals are:
- technical re-equipment and replacement of equipment that has low technical, economic and environmental indexes by advanced and economically efficient and environmentally safe equipment;
- involvement of staff into activities aimed at environmental risks reduction, improvement of environmental management system and environment protection performance indicators;
- improvement of the efficiency of use of non-renewable natural resources;
minimization of adverse man-made impact on the environment.
Read more about the PJSC RAO ES of the East Environmental Policy on the website.
MECHANISMS OF THE PJSC RUSHYDRO’S ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IMPLEMENTATION
Plan of actions to ensure the implementation of the Environmental Policy
The Plan of actions to ensure the implementation of the Environmental Policy was approved in PJSC RusHydro. Activities of the Plan are implemented in the following areas:
Technical re-equipment and reconstruction of HPPs
As part of the Program of technical re-equipment and reconstruction implemented in the Company, the measures are being taken to modernize and replace hydroelectric generating set of HPPs, as well as repair the hydro turbine equipment in order to eliminate the environmental pollution during the operation of hydroturbine equipment. In 2016, new types of hydro turbines with total capacity of 376.5 MW were installed at the Volzhskaya HPP and new hydro turbines with total capacity of 115 MW were installed at the Votkinskaya HPP. Modernization and repair of hydroturbine equipment took place at the Zhigulevskaya HPP, the Zeyskaya HPP, the Saratovskaya HPP and at the Cascade of Verkhnevolzhskiye HPPs.
In addition, in order to maintain the proper condition of the water protection zones, the Company regularly implements shore protection measures, as well as repairs and reconstruction of the hydraulic structures. In 2016, such works were carried out at the Volzhskaya HPP, the Zhigulevskaya HPP, the Votkinskaya HPP, the Nizhegorodskaya HPP, the Kamskaya HPP, the Saratovskaya HPP, at the Cascade of Verkhnevolzhskiye HPPs and at the Karachay-Cherkessia branch.
RusHydro Group replaces the oil-filled electrical equipment with vacuum or SF6 gas equipment, which does not contain oils, or with equipment that contains less oil. Works were done at the Volzhskaya HPP, the Zhigulevskaya HPP, the Kamskaya HPP, the Cheboksarskaya HPP, the Nizhegorodskaya HPP, the Novosibirskaya HPP, at the Cascade of Verkhnevolzhskiye HPPs, in the subsidiary PJSC Kolymaenergo, and at the Karachay-Cherkessia branch.
Also, the reconstruction of existing treatment facilities and installation of new treatment plants are being implemented at hydro generating facilities. In 2016, the works were carried out at the Cheboksarskaya HPP, the Pauzhetskaya GeoPP and at Dagestan, Northern Ossetian, Karachay-Cherkessia branches.
The Company also carries out other activities aimed at reducing the negative impact on the environment:
- Construction of sites for the accumulation of scrap metal;
- Reconstruction of surface-water drain of the HPP buildings;
- Collection of the garbage from the water bodies and its transfer to waste disposal facilities;
- Landscaping and planting.
Such works were implemented at the Volzhskaya HPP, the Votkinskaya HPP, the Zhigulevskaya HPP, the Kamskaya HPP, the Cheboksarskaya HPP, the Zagorskaya PSHPP, and at the Karachay-Cherkessia branch.
Key environmental protection works implemented by branches and subsidiaries of PJSC RusHydro in 2016
|Name of branch/subsidiary||Works|
|Votkinskaya HPP|| |
|Zeyskaya HPP|| |
|Saratovskaya HPP|| |
|Zhigulevskaya HPP|| |
|Volzhskaya HPP|| |
|Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP named after P.S. Neporozhniy|| |
|Kamskaya HPP|| |
|Zagorskaya PSHPP|| |
|Novosibirskaya HPP|| |
|Cheboksarskaya HPP|| |
|Byreyskaya HPP|| |
|Dagestan Branch|| |
|PJSC Kolymaenergo|| |
|Pauzhetskaya GeoPP|| |
TECHNICAL REGULATION IN THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
As part of technical regulation, PJSC RusHydro has applied a number of environmental safety standards.
The Company has approved a corporate standard for the environmental impact assessment: «Hydro power plants. Environmental protection. Assessment of impact on the environment. Procedural Guidelines».
The corporate standard «Hydroelectric Power Plants. Industrial environmental control. Norms and requirements» has been introduced in PJSC RusHydro in order to organize a unified system of production control aimed at ensuring compliance with the requirements and norms established by the current legislation in the field of environmental protection, nature management and environmental protection measures.
For the purposes of administrative use and state supervision, the Company has developed National Standard PNST 15-2014 «Environment protection. Standards for the oil products losses in hydro turbine equipment in operation. Method for calculation of turbine oil losses while operating the hydro turbine equipment». Based on this standard, another standard GOST R (Russian National Standard) with the same name is developed.
See the texts of the standards of PJSC RusHydro at the website.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
PJSC RusHydro ensures environmental safety of production activities at all stages of industrial facilities lifecycle. The measures to assess the projects’ impact on the environment (EIA) are conducted prior to the implementation of a new project or before the modification of existing facilities (at the initiation and design stages).
In accordance with the Russian law, the conduct of the EIA procedure is a prerequisite at the stage of the decision-making about the project’s implementation.
At the stage of initiating RusHydro projects, all EIA procedures are organized and conducted, including public hearings of EIA materials.
In 2016, there was no need to conduct public hearings on the EIA regarding the facilities under design and construction.
Read more about the approaches of PJSC RusHydro to the decision-making allowing reducing environmental risks at the website. For more information on the EIA scheme and EIA characteristics, see 2015 Report on Social Responsibility and Sustainability of PJSC RusHydro.
Assessment and control of environmental impact at all stages of project lifecycle
|Stage||Measures on the environmental impact management|
|Planning (pre-design stage)|| |
|Engineering design|| |
Provision of activities in accordance with the legal requirements in the field of environmental protection
RusHydro carries out its activities in compliance with the planning documentation. During the construction and operation of the facilities, the draft standards for permissible emissions and discharges of pollutants into the environment, draft regulations on waste production and limits on waste disposal, sections of planning documentation with justification of measures for biodiversity conservation are developed.
The documents are approved by the executive authorities that provide state regulation in the field of environmental protection:
- Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation;
- Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Nature Management;
- Federal Water Resources Agency;
- Federal Fishery Agency;
- Federal Supervision Agency for Customer Protection and Human Welfare.
On the basis of the agreed projects, permits for environmental protection required for the performance of production activities are obtained.
Interaction with the expert community
In PJSC RusHydro, there is a permanent expert collegiate body of the Company – the Scientific and Technical Council (STC), which ensures, within its competence, development and implementation of the unified system of technical expertise for research and technology decisions, projects, programs to be complied with the Technical Policy and the applicable technical standard documents.
In order to ensure environmental safety while creating new technical solutions, the Reservoirs and Environmental Protection Section has been created and started functioning as part of STC.
The section includes representatives of research and design institutes, the University of Environmental Engineering, the Institute of Water Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Department of Land Hydrology of the Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, the Federal Agency for Water Resources.
MECHANISMS OF THE PJSC RAO ES OF THE EAST ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IMPLEMENTATION
As part of the Environmental Policy of PJSC RAO ES of the East, the Holding companies also implement environmentally oriented initiatives:
- Reconstruction of gas-purifying equipment;
- Transfer of the central heating and power plants (CHPP) to gas fuel;
- Construction of water treatment plants for storm water drain.
The projects are aimed at improving the technical condition of the equipment, but these measures not only increase the basic production performance indicators, but also mitigate the Company’s negative impact on the environment.
Initiatives for the mitigation of impact on the environment by RAO ES of the East
|Reconstruction of gas-purifying equipment|| |
|Transfer of the CHPP to gas fuel|| |
|Construction of water treatment plants for stormwater drain|| |
In 2016, PJSC RAO ES of the East continued work for the introduction of Integrated Management System (IMS) – environmental management and occupational health and safety management.
The company carried out works to introduce IMS in the energy companies managed by the Group and in the companies, that provide generation, dispatch, distribution, transfer and sale of electric and heat energy at the territory of the Far East and Ural Federal Districts: JSC Chukotenergo, PJSC Magadanenergo, PJSC Kamchatskenergo, JSC KSEN, JSC Sakhaenergo, PJSC Mobile energy (Peredvizhnaya energetika).
RAO ES of the East is implementing various investment projects for the construction and reconstruction of energy facilities aimed at minimizing the negative impact on the environment. Initiatives are aimed at using environmentally efficient gas turbine equipment, as well as low-waste, resource-saving technologies, for example, the use of natural gas as a fuel with innovative technology for preparation and supply.
In 2016, for generation, transmission, and distribution of heat and electrical energy, the primary efforts of PJSC RAO ES of the East were focused in terms of environmental impact management on the following tasks:
- minimization of negative impact on the environment by reducing emissions into the atmosphere, arranging production wastes, using natural resources in the optimum way;
- implementation of the environmental protection plans of the affiliates with due consideration of changes in the environmental regulations;
- improvement of the environmental impact management system.
In 2016, the Holding adopted the Program of Innovative Development of the RAO ES of the East for 2016-2020 with a perspective for up to 2025.
One of the priorities of the Holding’s innovative development for the medium term is the increase in the efficiency and reliability of the traditional generation process, including the improvement of the ecological compatibility of plants operating on non-renewable energy sources. To achieve this goal, the Holding is planning to introduce waste gas cleaning technologies, as well as to reuse coal generation waste.
Also in 2016, the Khabarovskaya CHPP-1 was reconstructed with transferring to the burning of natural gas using high-tech gas equipment for reducing emissions to the atmosphere.
There were neither accidents nor incidents that caused damage to the environment in 2016 in the RAO ES of the East companies.
Read more about the Innovative Development Program of RAO ES of the East for 2016-2020 with a perspective for up to 2025 at the RAO ES of the East website.
Gradual decommissioning and replacement of outdated generation capacities by new ones and increase in the share of a more environmentally-friendly generation (gas-fuelled power plants) in the structure of energy generation will reduce release of emissions both in relative and in absolute value. By 2025 it is planned to:
- reduce specific fuel equivalent consumption for electric power in term of combined heat and power plant for FEFD in average by 12%,
- reduce specific exhaust emission in terms of hazardous substances by 9-36 %.
Projected energy balance at the Far East Federal District
Key environmental protection works implemented by RAO ES of the East in 2016
|Name of branch/subsidiary||Works|
|JSC FEGC|| |
|JSC FEDC|| |
|PJSC Magadanenergo|| |
|JSC Mobile energy (Peredvizhnaya energetika)|| |
|PJSC Kamchatskenergo|| |
|PJSC Sakhalinenergo|| |
|JSC Chukotenergo|| |
|JSC KSEN|| |
|PJSC Yakutskenergo|| |
|JSC Sakhaenergo||JSC Sakhaenergo organizes activities for the use of waste oils to produce thermal energy at the diesel power plant in Tiksi using KVSh boilers. It is planned to use approximately 0.1 tonnes of waste oil for the generation of heat energy annually. |
Solar power plants were put into operation:
ENVIRONMENTAL EXPENSES AND PAYMENT FOR THE NEGATIVE IMPACT
In order to comply with the requirements of the Russian legislation and international standards in the field of environmental protection, RusHydro implements environmental activities. In 2016, the expenses for their implementation amounted to 1.808 billion roubles for RusHydro Group, 392.096 million roubles for PJSC RusHydro, 1.416 billion roubles for RAO ES of the East.
Fines for non-compliance with environmental legislation amounted to 2.34 million roubles.
Current expenses for environment protection for PJSC RusHydro, thousand roubles
|Current expenses for environment protection||392,096|
|Protection of atmospheric air and prevention of climate changes||890.3|
|Sewage water disposal and treatment||115,847.8|
|Protection and rehabilitation of lands, surface and groundwater||45,522.6|
|Environmental protection against noise, vibration and other physical effects||218.3|
|Conservation of biodiversity and protection of natural areas||7,500.00|
|Research and development activities to reduce negative anthropogenic impact on the environment||2,346.0|
|Other activities in the field of environmental protection||4,923.00|
|Payments for environmental protection services||125,932.90|
|Costs of major repairs of capital assets for environmental protection||85,210.2|
Current expenses for environment protection for RAO ES of the East, thousand roubles
|Current expenses for environment protection||1,415,567.5|
|Protection of atmospheric air and prevention of climate changes||331,569.30|
|Sewage water disposal and treatment||368,895.50|
|Protection and rehabilitation of lands, surface and groundwater||19,648.80|
|Environmental protection against noise, vibration and other physical effects||252.5|
|Conservation of biodiversity and protection of natural areas||136|
|Other activities in the field of environmental protection||8,244.0|
Environmental payments of RusHydro, thousand roubles
|Disclosure||PJSC RusHydro||RAO ES of the East||RusHydro Group|
|Charges for allowable and excessive emissions (discharges) of pollutants (disposal of production and consumption waste), including:||6,745.5||134,816.3||141,561.8|
|Charges for allowable emissions (discharges) of pollutants (disposal of industrial and consumption waste)||4,830.7||75,883.8||80,714.5|
|Charges for excess emissions (discharges) of pollutants (disposal of production and consumption waste)||1,914.8||58,932.4||60,847.2|
Funds (claims) and fines collected in compensation for damage caused by violation of the environmental legislation, thousand roubles
|PJSC RusHydro||RAO ES of the East||RusHydro Group|
|The amount of payments (claims and fines) paid for violation of environmental legislation||200.0||2,140.0||2,340.0|
4.1.2. Environmental cooperation
RusHydro Group is an active participant in the international cooperation in the field of environmental protection and biodiversity conservation. The Company supports industrial and international initiatives aimed at reducing the anthropogenic load on the environment, and strives to adopt experience for a successful implementation of its environmental projects.
PJSC RusHydro is a partner of the Project of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation «Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation into Russia’s Energy Sector Policies and Operations» (hereinafter – UNDP Project). From 2012, the Project is being implemented in Russia with the support of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation, energy companies, environmental non-governmental and public organizations and other partners. The goals of the UNPD Project are:
- Demonstrate and introduce the best world practices in the field of biodiversity conservation in the energy sector of Russia;
- Improve biodiversity in the Russian industrial regions;
- Assist in establishing a system for biodiversity monitoring and testing of environment-saving technologies in oil producing, coal mining and hydropower production;
- Assist in adopting legislative and regulatory documents on biodiversity conservation in the energy sector.
Under the UNDP Project, RusHydro is carrying out works in the following areas:
- Biodiversity preservation;
- Sustainable development of hydropower industry;
- Elaboration of methodical documents for biodiversity preservation in the hydropower sector.
Read more about UNDP Project in the Section 4.5. Measures for Biodiversity Conservation.
In 2016, PJSC RusHydro continued its membership in international industry associations, such as the Centre for Energy Advancement through Technological Innovation (CEATI), the International Hydropower Association (IHA) and the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD). The membership allows the Company to interact with the world community on the issues of safe, innovative and sustainable hydropower development.
The Company promotes implementation of the Methodology for assessing compliance of the hydropower projects with the criteria for sustainable development (Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol – HSAP) as an official regulatory legal act.
In 2013-2014, PJSC RusHydro tested the Methodology on the designed and constructed hydropower projects. As a result of the Methodology testing, a number of inconsistencies requiring improvements in the internal processes of elaboration and decision-making in PJSC RusHydro was identified. First of all, the changes should be made in the processes of interaction with stakeholders, as well as preservation of cultural heritage sites and biodiversity preservation.
In order to address these objectives, the Operating Unit and the Strategy and Innovation Unit created the Working Group on the Development of Methodological Approaches to Ensuring and Evaluating Compliance of the Hydropower Projects with the Criteria for Sustainable Development. As part of the Working Group’s activities, it is planned to create a local regulatory document to ensure compliance of the hydropower projects with the criteria for sustainable development, as well as to organize actions on assigning to the Methodology of an official normative legal act in the territory of the Russian Federation.
A significant step in the reduction of negative impact on the environment was the signing of the Credit Agreement between PJSC RAO ES of the East and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in 2012. Within the framework of this Agreement, the Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) was developed and adopted. The Plan includes a number of organizational and technical measures to improve the environmental efficiency of the power facilities of RAO ES of the East in 2013-2016.
The main objectives of ESAP are:
- Introduction and certification of the integrated management system for professional health and safety and environmental management in the Holding’s subsidiaries;
- Conduction of the training for the Holding’s management and employees responsible for organization of environmental protection activities in compliance with the EBRD requirements in the field of environmental protection;
- Increase in the effectiveness of measures aimed at monitoring asbestos-containing materials, rational water consumption, installation of highly efficient systems for cleaning polluting atmospheric emissions by analogy of the «CEMS» type;
- Use of natural gas as the main fuel.