4.4.

Development of Renewable Energy

Панорама на п. Погодный

RusHydro is a leading Russian producer of energy based on renewable sources. The Company contributes to the development of electricity generation based on tidal, solar, wind and geothermal energy, which are environmentally friendly and highly efficient energy sources.

In the remote areas of the Far East, the Group develops alternative energy and reduces the consumption of diesel fuel during power generation.

According to the Federal State Statistics Service, the capacity of the generating facilities operating on the basis of renewable energy sources in the Russian Federation (excluding hydropower plants with installed capacity over 25 MW) amounted to 906.3 MW25.

DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

The concept of renewable energy sources (RES) includes such forms of energy as solar, geothermal, wind, energy of sea waves, currents, tides and ocean energy, biomass energy, hydropower and other types of renewable energy.

RES can be divided into two groups:

  • traditional: hydraulic energy converted into the type of energy used by large and medium-sized HPPs;
  • non-traditional (alternative): solar, wind, energy of sea waves, currents, tides and ocean energy, biomass and geothermal energy, hydraulic energy, converted into the type of energy used by small and micro HPPs.

“At present, we have a fairly balanced energy production in Russia. Only 15% fall on the most “dirty” coal generation; the world average is 30-35%, in China – 72%, in the USA and Germany – 40%. We are not standing still and are striving to increase the amount of energy received from alternative renewable sources. Now it is about 1.5% of all energy produced, but we expect to reach 5% within five years.”

S.B.Ivanov, Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation on environmental activities

The main reason to develop RES in the world is exhaustion of such energy sources as oil, gas and coal. At the same time, the development of renewable energy is particularly necessary in remote, non-electrified areas, as delivering fuel there is too expensive from an economic point of view. In addition, the use of renewable energy in electricity and heat production is the key to combating the greenhouse effect and the negative impact of production on the environment.

The share of RES, including the large and medium-sized hydropower plants in the energy balance of RusHydro is 75%.

One of the tasks of RusHydro Group’s Innovative Development Program for 2016-2020 with the perspective for up to 2025 is to increase energy efficiency through the use of alternative renewable energy sources. At this moment, RusHydro Group continues to develop wind, solar and geothermal energy. Most of such projects belong to isolated areas that are not part of the unified energy system. As the previous decades show, the use of solar and wind energy technologies can bring economic benefits by reducing consumption of the expensive imported diesel fuel.

Over the past five years, the Group has launched 16 solar stations with the capacity of 1.47 MW and three wind stations with the capacity of 2.2 MW in Yakutia. The total volume of investments in projects amounted to 845.7 million rubles. Savings on diesel fuel are 1,773 tons per year.

Due to the peculiarities of each settlement, all implemented projects are unique, including the northernmost solar station of 1 MW in the village Batagay. Thanks to the station, annual savings of diesel fuel will be about 300 tons. While working in Yakutia, RusHydro developed its own models for wind-diesel and solar-diesel complexes, tested various options for equipment, including power storage in isolated energy areas.

RusHydro is actively engaged in the development of small hydropower, which is important for remote, hard-to-reach and energy-deficient regions and local water supply for small towns and settlements. Small HPPs are environmentally friendly, as well as have a number of indirect effects, for example, the possibility of accumulation and subsequent use of drinking water. The Company developed a plan – the Forecast for the development of small hydropower industry with the perspective for up to 2025. The obligatory condition for its implementation is adoption of the regulatory framework for an effective support in the Russian Federation.

Read more about the stations operating on the basis of alternative sources of renewable energy on the website.

The RusHydro projects in the field of renewable energy in 2016-2017

ProjectType of RESRegionCapacityStatus
Development and scientific justification of the use of small rivers and hydraulic structures of non-energy purposeWater energyRegions of the Russian Federationup to 30 MW eachResearch, design, start of construction
Barsuchkovskaya SHPPStavropol Region5.13 MW
Bolshoy Zelenchuk SHPPRepublic of Karachay-Cherkessia1.26 MW
Ust-Dzhegutinskaya SHPPRepublic of Karachay-Cherkessia5.6 MW
Verhnebalkarskaya SHPPKabardino-Balkaria Republic10 MW
SPP v. Orto BalaganSolar energyRepublic of Yakutia (Sakha)50 kWResearch, design, start of construction
SPP v. Sebyan-KyuolRepublic of Yakutia (Sakha)50 kW
SPP v. KystatyamRepublic of Yakutia (Sakha)40 kW
Experimental-industrial binary block on the Pauzhetskaya Geo PPGeothermal heatKamchatka Region2.5 MWConstruction
Zaragizhskaya SHPPWater energyKabardino-Balkaria Republic30.6 MWPut into operation in 2016
SPP v. Upper AmgaSolar energyRepublic of Yakutia (Sakha)36 kWPut into operation in 2016
SPP v. DelgayRepublic of Yakutia (Sakha)80 kWPut into operation in 2016
SPP v. InnahRepublic of Yakutia (Sakha)20 kWPut into operation in 2016

COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

To achieve strategic goals in the field of renewable energy development, PJSC RusHydro participates in a number of innovative technological platforms in Russia, uses mechanisms to coordinate research and development and also attracts government project funding.

In 2016, PJSC RusHydro was a participant in five technological platforms (see 3.3 Innovative Development), the initiator and coordinator of one of them (TP “Perspective Technologies of Renewable Energy”). The platform was formed and established by PJSC RusHydro in November 2010 with the support of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and JSC Agency for Forecasting Balances in the Electric Power Industry. The projects are financed from extra-budgetary sources, as well as within the federal target program “Research and Development in Priority Areas for the Development of Russia’s Science and Technology Complex for 2014-2020” (hereinafter referred to as the FTP of the R&D).

Participants of the TP “Perspective Technologies of Renewable Energy” are 139 organizations, including business structures, universities, research institutes, non-profit partnerships, design organizations, engineering and service companies. In the medium term, the result of its activities is a new industry for Russia in research, design, production of equipment, engineering, construction and operation of generation facilities using RES.

News and documents of the Platform are published on the official Internet portal of the Platform “TFVIE.RF” and “i-Renew.ru” and on the page of the social network Facebook.

The main results of the activities of the Platform in 2016:

  • The participants carried out 26 projects on the scientific and technological issues of the Platform, amounting to 1,487.4 million rubles in accordance with the directions indicated in the Strategic Research Program.
  • 13 applications-proposals of the Platform’s participants were considered in order to participate in the FTP of the R&D in 2016, 9 of which were supported with letters from the Platform for participation in the contest.
  • The International Congress “Renewable Energy XXI Century: Energy and Economic Efficiency” REENCON-XXI was held at Skolkovo Moscow School of Management.
  • Together with the Industrial Development Fund (FGAA “Russian Fund for Technological Development”), a consolidated booklet on Russian technological platforms has been published in Russian and English languages.

Currently, the Plan for the Strategic Research and Development Program of the Platform until 2018 (hereinafter referred to as the “Strategic R&D Program”) includes 55 projects on the scientific and technological issues of the Platform, four supporting and 13 initiative actions.

IV International Conference “Renewable Energy Development in the Russian Far East”

In June 2016, RAO ES of the East and the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) organized the fourth International Conference “Development of Renewable Energy in the Russian Far East” in Yakutsk.

The event proved itself to be the key discussion platform on the topic of renewable energy development in isolated energy systems and in the non-price zone of the Far East.

In 2016, the conference participants discussed issues related to the Russian and international experience in the implementation of renewable energy projects, the return on investments, the practice of financing and supporting renewable energy in the Far East. The conference was attended by more than 380 delegates of 130 organizations from 14 countries.

The conference repeatedly initiated several major cooperation projects and the year 2016 was not an exception. As part of the Memorandum of Intentions concluded at the Conference and engaging PJSC RusHydro to construct a Wind Park in Tiksi, in December 2016, in Japan, the joint declaration on this project implementation was signed between the Organization for the Development of New Energy and Industrial Technologies (NEDO), the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and PJSC RusHydro.

PLANS FOR THE RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT

In 2018, RusHydro Group plans to launch the capacity of the Ust-Dzhegutinskaya HPP and the Barsuchkovskaya SHPP in the amount of 10.61 MW. Also, in 2019, it is planned to commission the capacity of the Verkhnebalkarskaya SHPP in the amount of 10 MW.

In 2017, construction of three solar power plants is scheduled – in Orto-Balagan village of Oymyakonsky ulus, Kystatyam village of Zhigansky district and Sebyan-Kyuol village of Kobyaysky ulus. Moreover, according to the Declaration of Intent signed between PJSC RusHydro, the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Japanese Governmental Organization for the Development of New Energy and Industrial Technologies (NEDO) in December 2016, the parties are discussing the possibility of implementing a wind park project with the capacity of up to 1 MW in Tiksi, Bulunsky ulus of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

Within the framework of the Innovative Development Program of RusHydro Group for 2016-2020, with the perspective for up to 2025, the Company plans to explore the opportunities for the energy industry development of the Kamchatka Region based on the use of local renewable energy resources. The implementation of the Program should result in the development of geothermal energy of the region due to expansion of the Mutnovskaya geothermal station and the construction of the Mutnovskaya GeoPP-2.