4.5.

Measures for Biodiversity Conservation

Парк Бурейский

4.5.1. Impacts on biodiversity

Industrial facilities of PJSC RusHydro are not located in protected natural areas. There is a large number of protected natural areas with rare species of plants and animals in the territory of RAO ES of the East operations. The companies of RAO ES of the East are striving not to cause a significant impact on the biodiversity and protected natural areas.

As a result of the activities of the RAO ES of the East’s companies, there is no reduction in number and diversity of species and the habitat transformations. There is no spread of invasive species, pests and pathogens.

Protected species whose habitats are affected by the RusHydro Group operations

The habitat of the mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) in the Amur region fell into the flood zone of the reservoir of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP.

The bird is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation as rare species, as well as in the IUCN Red List-96 Red List, Appendix 2 of the Bonn Convention, Annexes of bilateral agreements concluded by Russia and Japan and the Republic of Korea and the DPRK on the protection of migratory birds.

The main area of growth of the fern (Aleuritopteris kuhnii) was found in the potential zone of flooding. The plant is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation as in danger of extinction species.

The construction of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP, as well as the activities of the JSC FEDC company of the RAO ES of the East have an impact on the endangered species – Oriental white storks (Ciconia boyciana). It is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and the IUCN Red List – 96, Appendix 1 of CITES, Appendices of the bilateral agreements concluded by Russia with Japan, the Republic of Korea and the DPRK on the protection of migratory birds.

The table below shows number and biodiversity value of water bodies, significantly affected by the industrial operations of Holding’s companies.

Ownership, volume, and biodiversity value of water bodies, significantly affected by the industrial operations of RAO ES of the East

 Subsidiaries of RAO ES of the EastWater body**Volume of water in the water body or the average effluxion of water in the river, million cubic metersValue in terms of biodiversity*
1PJSC KamchatskenergoThe Avacha Bay3,8Highest Category
The Khalaktyrka River-Highest Category
Lake Khalaktyrskoye11Highest Category
Lake Sypuchka-Highest Category
2JSC KSENThe Bystraya River43.2Category 1
3PJSC MagadanenergoThe Magadanka River127.5Highest Category
The Kamenushka River37.9Category 1
The Miaundja37.9Highest Category
4PJSC SakhalinenergoThe Gulf of Patience in the Okhotsk Sea211,25Highest Category
5PJSC YakutskenergoThe Lena River515,61Highest Category
The Viliuy River21,29Highest Category
6JSC ChukotenergoThe Kazachka River22Category 2
Okhotnichye Lake0.25Category 2
The Chaunskaya Bay-Category 1
7JSC FEGCThe Kivdinskoye reservoir9.6Category 1
The Kontrovod River-Highest Category
Unnamed creek, which flows into the Knevichanka River-Highest Category
The Promezhutochnaya Bay-Highest Category
The Obiasneniya River-Category 1
The Lozovy Kliuch Creek-Category 1
The Partizanskaya River-Category 1
The Rudka Creek-Category 2
The reservoir on the Olongoro River43.2Category 1
The Semyonovsky Creek-Category 2
The Bezymianny Creek-Category 2
The Amnunakta River-Category 1
The Amur Channel-Highest Category
The Amur River-Highest Category
Khorpy Lake-Highest Category
The Galbon Channel (the Stary Amur)-Highest Category
The Zapadnaya Bay-Highest Category
The Nante Creek-Highest Category
The Pravaya Berezovaya River-Category 2
The Chernaya River-Category 2
The Polezhayevka Creek-Category 2
The Gnilaya Pad' Creek-Category 2
The Malaya Sita River-Category 1
8JSC TeploenergoserviceThe Viliuy River72,4Highest Category
The Yana River29,297Highest Category
The Aldan River154,683Highest Category
The Indigirka River14,002Highest Category
The Allah-Yun' River5,55Highest Category
The Nera River3,658Highest Category
9JSC LURThe Kontrovod river-Highest Category

The RAO ES of the East’s companies are carrying out recultivation measures for disturbed lands. The area and location of all the restored habitats are indicated in the table below.

The reclamation of ash dumps is an important part of the ecological program of JSC FEGC.  The project allows to restore large areas of former landfills for storage of slag and ash. In 2016, there were reclaimed 38 hectares of ash disposal in Vladivostok and 50 hectares at the ash dumps of the Khabarovsk CHPP-3.

Preserved or restored habitats of animals and plants by the subsidiaries of RAO ES of the East

NameTotalJSC FEGCPJSC MagadanenergoJSC ChukotenergoPJSC SakhalinenergoJSC LUR
01.01.2016
Total disturbed land, ha6,844.742, 303.55272.0176.36257.643,835.19
Including:
Processed disturbed land, ha142.415951.04.803.2224.39
Stored topsoil, thousand m3866.26287.480.000.000.00578.78
Data for 2016
Total disturbed land, ha127.5828.500.001.790.1097.2
Total processed disturbed land, ha0.100.000.000.000.100.00
Total re-soiled land, ha64.1061.000.000.000.100.00
31.12.2016
Total disturbed land, ha6,911.232,271.05272.0178.15257.643,932.39
Total processed land, ha142.4159.0051.04.803.2224.39
Stored topsoil, thousand m3866.26287.480.000.000.00578.78

4.5.2. Measures for biodiversity conservation

RusHydro Group implements biodiversity conservation activities in five areas.

Природный Парк Бурейский

SUPPORT OF PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

Охрана копытных животных

MEASURE ON PRESERVATION OF THE UNGULATE ANIMAL POPULATION

Сохранение растений

MEASURES ON THE PLANTS PRESERVATION

Сохранение редких видов птиц

PRESERVATION OF THE BIRD SPECIES

При участии РусГидро в Зею выпустили 6000 мальков

RESTORATION OF THE FISH RESOURCES

PJSC RusHydro develops international cooperation in the field of environmental protection in regard of biodiversity conservation. In 2016, the second edition of “Compendium of innovative biodiversity solutions for the hydropower sector” was prepared with the participation of PJSC RusHydro within the project of the United Nations Development Program/Global Environment Facility and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (UNDP Project). The Compendium is a practical guide for designing engineers, environmental specialists, authorities and other stakeholders for the planning of environmentally-oriented activities. The second edition of the Compendium includes the experience of PJSC RusHydro on biodiversity conservation.

Also in 2016, a specialized portal was developed with the participation of PJSC RusHydro to ensure the solution of geo-ecological tasks for planning the development of hydropower potential in the Amur Region. This is a complex geoinformation system that allows analysing the possibilities of hydropower development taking into account environmental risks and issues of biodiversity conservation. This system can be widely used for creation of strategies and plans for the Amur region development, territorial planning, preparation of environmental passports of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The data collected on the geoportal can be used to solve many issues of state-management orientation, as well as those of industrial, scientific and educational significance.

Four years ago, the UNDP Project initiated the environmental project “Bureysky Compromise” as part of the construction of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP in the Amur Region. It is implemented by the Amur Region state-financed institution “Directorate for the Protection and Exploitation of Wildlife and Specially Protected Natural Territories”, JSC Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP, scientific and environmental organizations of the region, mass media. The project is intended to demonstrate the advanced domestic and world principles of conservation of biological diversity in the implementation of large industrial facilities. In addition, the product serves as example of an effective interaction with government bodies, business and society on issues of nature conservation. The “Bureysky Compromise” project is comprehensive and includes many activities for each factor of possible negative impact of the reservoir creation on flora and fauna.

In 2016, the project “Bureyskiy Compromise” was ranked first in the All-Russian competition “MediaFEC” in nomination “Social and Environmental Initiative”.

The competition is held with the support of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation. Its main goal is to stimulate the companies of the fuel and energy complex to information transparency of the industry.

In April last year, “Bureysky” Nature Park was created in the area of the reservoir of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP. Since 2014, JSC Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP has been implementing the program of socio-ecological monitoring at the territory of the natural park and at adjacent territories. With the expert support of the UNDP Project, in 2015-2016, the socio-environmental monitoring program included assessment of the economic activities impact on biodiversity.  In 2016, the coverage area of this monitoring was 567 thousand hectares.

In 2016, the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP was visited by international experts of the UNDP Project delegation. The main purpose of the visit was to assess quality of the security and compensation activities in the process of construction of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP, to compare them with the best world practices, and to test their effectiveness in terms of compliance with the world standards. Based on the visit’s results, the experts will develop methodological recommendations on organization and implementation of the compensation measures in the process of major investment projects implementation. In 2016, the actions to preserve biodiversity were continued as part of the “Bureyskiy Compromise” Project.

In 2016, the North Ossetian branch of PJSC RusHydro supported the program for the rehabilitation of the Asiatic leopard in the Caucasus at the suggestion of the UNDP Project. The branch entered into an Agreement with the Institute of Ecology and Evolution named after A.N.Severtsov (RAS) on cooperation in collection of information on the habitat and livelihoods of these animals.

“For us, the return of the leopard to the republic is particularly important. After all, it is depicted on the coat of arms of the North and South Ossetia. We are very pleased that the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia and the Institute’s management are interested in implementing this program in our region. We have already done the first step to preserve the leopard. It is non-financial help now: we provide data from our cameras and install camera traps. But we are ready for further cooperation”.

T.V.Balataev, Director of the North Ossetian branch of PJSC RusHydro

Мероприятия по сохранению копытных животных

MEASURE ON PRESERVATION OF THE UNGULATE ANIMAL POPULATION

The network of feeding stations was arranged in the depth of the Natural Park “Bureysky” in order to concentrate the animals in the centre of the Park and remove them from the construction site.

More than 25 feeding stations have been arranged in the entire territory of the Natural Park. The complexes are equipped with surveillance cameras for photo and video recording, which allows receiving information about the attendance of feeding stations by animals.

Прниродный Парк Бурейский

MEASURES ON THE PLANTS PRESERVATION

Five rare and endemic plant species were found in the flood zone of the reservoir of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP. In order to conserve the rare plant species their transfer to new habitats was arranged. This operation was carried out in two stages: one part of the plants was moved in 2015, an additional transfer was carried out in 2016. As a result, specialists managed to move more than 400 specimens to places suitable for growing.

An additional measure of plant support was the “ex-situ” measure in regard of the fern “Alevritopteris Kuna” listed in the Red Book, its main habitats located in the flood zone of the Nizhne-Bureya Reservoir. A specialized climatic chamber was created in the Botanical Garden of Blagoveshchensk, where from the rare fern spores the plants are grown for subsequent introduction into places suitable for growth. Bedding of plants grown in a climatic chamber will be carried out until 2019.

Меры по сохранению птиц

PRESERVATION OF THE BIRD SPECIES

Measures to minimize the impact on the bird fauna are aimed at the two most vulnerable species: the mandarin duck and the oriental white stork.

The habitat of the mandarin duck happened to be directly into the flood zone in the area of the reservoir of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP in the Amur Region.

The key habitats and natural nesting of this species were threatened with extinction. To conserve the population of the mandarin duck, about 100 artificial nest boxes have been built above the level of the reservoir design marks, mainly on tributaries.

According to the monitoring results, it was established that the nest boxes began to be populated with mandarin ducks before the reservoir was filled, which confirmed the efficiency of this measure and determined the necessity to install additional artificial nest boxes. In 2016, installation of additional artificial nest boxes and the monitoring of the effectiveness of this solution was continued in order to maintain the Mandarin population in the process of a water body creation.

The south of the Amur Region is the nesting place for most of the world population of the oriental white stork. The distribution of the population of this species is in the downstream of the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP. In order to minimize the possible negative impact on the population of the oriental white stork, the artificial nest supports were installed with the support from UNDP Project. The nests can hold up the weight of the stork. In 2017, it is planned to install artificial nest supports for the oriental white storks in the Muravievsky Nature Reserve, as the Amur regional public environmental organization “AmurSoES” and the regional “Directorate for the Protection and Exploitation of Wildlife and Specially Protected Natural Territories” filed a request to the energy sector.

Moreover, according to the information of the Amur regional public ecological organization “AmurSoES”, in 2016, there were about 100 inhabited nests of oriental white storks in the southern regions of the Amur Region, and more than 40% of them were located on the supports of overhead transmission lines.

The PJSC Yakutskenergo (subsidiary of RAO ES of the East) equips the high-voltage power transmission lines passing through a specially protected natural territory in Ust-Maysky ulus in Yakutia with special bird protection devices. 24 species of birds are protected there.

Also, PJSC Yakutskenergo provides isolation of the power transmission lines with a special cable SIP in the territory of the Natural Park “Living Diamonds of Yakutia”, where the high-voltage transmission line 6-10 kW passes through. In addition, the company equips transformer substations on transmission lines with fences and covers to prevent animals from entering into the substation and into the mechanisms of the substation.

Выпустили в Терек более 110 тысяч мальков редких видов рыб

RESTORATION OF THE FISH RESOURCES

Due to the specifics of the Company’s activity, the RusHydro pays a special attention at the conservation and restoration of fish resources of rivers. For this purpose, since 2003, the annual voluntary planting of fish actions has been taking place at the rivers and reservoirs of HPPs.

In 2016, the Kabardino-Balkarian branch of PJSC RusHydro together with the West Caspian Territorial Administration of the Federal Agency for Fishery released 43 thousand fries of the Russian sturgeon and 71 thousand fries of the Caspian salmon into the Terek River and its tributaries on the territory of the Republic of Dagestan and the Cherek River and the White River in Kabardino-Balkaria.

The companies of RAO ES of the East also implement measures for the artificial reproduction of aquatic biological resources. For example, the Bystrinskaya Small HPP produces an annual release of fry in the rivers of the Kamchatka Region.

Природный Парк Бурейский

SUPPORT OF PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS

In 2009, an active work to preserve the population of the Caucasian bison listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and IUCN began in the North Caucasus.

In 2016, with the support of PJSC RusHydro, a specialized open-air cage with an area of 5 hectares for individuals of the Caucasian bison was built on the territory of the Tourmonsky Nature Reserve in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. Open-air cage allows to perform the primary acclimatization of animals grown in captivity for subsequent release into the natural habitat in the territory of the North Ossetian State Nature Reserve.

PJSC RusHydro became sponsor of the international program to restore the population of this endangered species. The cost of financial assistance of PJSC RusHydro in the opening of the open-air cage was about 300 thousand roubles.

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